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The energy sector is full of exciting, new and ever-changing opportunities for professionals from all walks of life. Whether you’re a highly-experienced expert or new to a sub-section of energy, the innovative projects that are being carried out or planned worldwide provide a wealth of career prospects.

But, with so much happening in the sector, staying ahead of the latest developments in energy can be challenging. Here are five key projects you need to know about.

Liquid air world first

At the beginning of November reports revealed that work was to start on what is believed to be the first ever major plant that would store energy as liquid air. As part of this development – which will be based near Manchester – surplus electricity from wind farms would be used to compress air so that it becomes a liquid at -196 Celsius.

This extra energy would then be warmed when there is a peak in demand, expanding the air and resulting in a rush of wind that will power a turbine, generating electricity to be sold back to the grid. While the designer of the system has admitted that it is less efficient than batteries, the biggest advantage is the low cost of the storage tanks and the lack of requirement of minerals to control the storage.

Space-age energy exploration

While demand for solar power has been steadily growing, in the UK research has been commissioned to explore the feasibility of a space solar power project. The Frazer-Nash Consultancy is leading the study which has been backed by the Government and the Space Agency.

Commenting on the news, Science Minister Amanda Solloway said: “Solar space stations may sound like science fiction, but they could be a game-changing new source of energy for the UK and the rest of the world.

“This pioneering government-backed study will help shine a light on the possibilities for a space-based solar power system which, if successful, could play an important role in reducing our emissions and meeting the UK’s ambitious climate change targets.”

Nuclear power reprocessing

In America, the head of the top US nuclear power group, the Nuclear Energy Institute, has called for the reprocessing of nuclear waste to be reintroduced. Other countries including France already reprocess this waste, breaking it down into uranium and plutonium and reusing it to produce new reactor fuel. However, in the States this practice was halted decades ago due to proliferation and cost concerns.

According to Maria Korsnick, head of the Nuclear Energy Institute, reprocessing is a crucial solution to the problem of storing nuclear waste, which is currently managed through storing this first in spent fuel pools before being moved to steel and concrete casks.

Should this avenue be explored, there will certainly be a spike in demand for reprocessing experts in the US.

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